THE TOP TEN Worst U.S Natural Disasters
Throughout modern history, the failure to prepare and cope with Mother Nature has resulted in catastrophic consequences, from wrecked economies to thousands of lives lost. Even as modern technology improves forecasts, Nature still gets the upper hand every now and then. Considering both human and economic costs, we present 10 of the worst all-time disasters to strike the United States. - Tuan C. Nguyen
Throughout modern history, the failure to prepare and cope with Mother Nature has resulted in catastrophic consequences, from wrecked economies to thousands ... more
Hurricane Galveston - Sept. 8, 1900
Galveston was known at the end of the 19th Century as the "Jewel of Texas" until the single deadliest natural disaster in U.S. history wiped away much of what had been a booming future. At the time, the bustling island community was the hub of the cotton trade and Texas' largest city. Progress also bred complacency, which became apparent when city officials and most residents dismissed a proposal to build a seawall to protect the city. In the early morning, the category 4 hurricane with estimated 135 mph winds made landfall. Buildings crumbled under the force of 15-foot-high waves, and, by late afternoon, the entire island was submerged. An estimated 8,000 people perished. Although the city was successfully rebuilt, it never regained the prosperity that earned it a reputation as the "New York of the south."
Hurricane Katrina - Aug. 29, 2005
The Atlantic storm that began as a category 1 hurricane as it blew across southern Florida wound up being the country's costliest tragedy. Katrina roared into the Louisiana coast with 125 mph sustained winds. The storm surge broke levees that shielded New Orleans from surrounding, higher coastal waters, leaving 80 percent of the city under water. Katrina took the lives of at least 1,836 people and inflicted damages estimated at around $125 billion.
Dust Bowl - Early 1930's
Prior to the early 1930's, the Great Plains was a farmer's paradise. The First World War had fueled a growing demand for wheat, and spurred settlers to plow much of the southern plains' grassy soil to meet this need. The farming exposed the land to erosion, since grass and tree roots that had held the moist soil in place during dry times were replaced by cash crops. A decade-long drought transformed the loose topsoil into dust, which windstorms swept up and blew eastward, darkening skies as far away as the Atlantic Coast. With most of the area's crops decimated, a third of the farmers turned to government aid, while around half a million Americans were left homeless.
Great San Francisco Fire and Earthquake - April 18, 1906
San Francisco residents were abruptly awakened one spring morning by an earthquake that lasted no more than a minute, but set off a chain of events that caused the city to burn for four straight days. The estimated 7.7- to 7.9-magnitude temblor not only broke natural gas mains, which sparked the fires, but also damaged water mains, leaving the fire department with limited resources to battle the blaze. By the time the fires were doused, flames had devoured more than 500 city blocks, and 3,000 lives were lost. Of those who survived, approximately 225,000 people found themselves without a home.
Okeechobee Hurricane - September 16, 1928
When the evacuated residents of Lake Okeechobee learned that a hurricane hadn't arrived on schedule, many returned home thinking that they had been spared. However, the storm later slammed ashore on the evening of September 16th with sustained 140 mph winds. Such intensity caused a storm surge that broke a small dike at the lake's south end, resulting in weeks of heavy flooding that claimed at least 2,500 lives.
Heat Wave of 1980 - Summer of 1980
The heat wave of 1980 proved to be one of the nation's most catastrophic prolonged weather events. A high-pressure ridge pushed temperatures across the central and southern United States above 90 degrees Fahrenheit for most of the summer. Kansas City had only a couple of days from June through September in which temperatures dipped below that level. Dallas/Fort Worth suffered 69 days in which the thermostat boiled above 100 degrees, peaking at a record 117 degrees on June 26 and 27. Agricultural damage tallied an estimated $48 billion due to a massive drought, and 10,000 people died from heat and heat stress-related ailments.
Heat Wave of 1988 - Summer of 1988
A year-long drought that had ravaged the agricultural economy was further exacerbated by the heat wave of 1988. Damage to the agricultural economy surpassed $61 billion, as total rainfall along the Great Plains region from April through June was even lower than during the Dust Bowl years. Drought conditions seeded wildfires that raged across Yellowstone National Park and Mount Rushmore that summer. Between 5,000 and 10,000 people succumbed to health complications stemming from the sweltering heat.
Johnstown Flood - May 31, 1889
During the late 19th Century, the small industrial community of Johnstown in Pennsylvania earned a reputation as a producer of high-quality steel. All that progress was flushed away when the poorly maintained South Fork dam that stood high up in the mountains, 14 miles from the city, failed. Days of torrential downpour caused the dam to burst, unleashing more than 20 million tons of water and debris to crash down on the city with the force of Niagara Falls. The flood leveled 1,600 homes and killed 2,209 people.
Peshtigo Fire - October 8, 1871
A lesser-known fire in Wisconsin that burned on the same day as the Great Chicago Fire of 1871 turned out to be the nation's deadliest. The drought-stricken city of Peshtigo was set afire when a strong windstorm fueled the spread of a small group of prairie fires by fanning the blaze out over a million acres of forest land. The wildfire even jumped across the Peshtigo River, trapping both sides of the town in flames. By the time the inferno subsided, it had scorched 12 towns and left roughly 1,200 dead.
A lesser-known fire in Wisconsin that burned on the same day as
Over the span of three-and-a-half destructive hours, the Tri-State Tornado became the deadliest twister to rip through the heartland. Along its path - which included Illinois, Indiana, Missouri - the tornado demolished more than 15,000 homes. Of the nearly 700 people killed, 613 were from Illinois. In the aftermath, forecasters started to look into developing a tornado warning system that would have spared many lives at the time.
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